The ABCs of vitamins
Ever taken the occasional vitamin C when you were on the brink of coming down with the flu? Most of us would have taken the occasional vitamin supplement, but how well do you know the benefits of the different vitamins? Vitamins help to convert nutrients into necessary components of the body, adjust bodily functions to maintain health, and protect the body from toxic substances and bacteria. Read on to learn more about each of their functions and how you can incorporate vitamins into your diet to stay in the pink of health this year.
- Vitamin B complex
Vitamin B complex comprises 8 types of vitamins, and helps convert food into energy. It is also essential for supporting brain and heart functions, and can be found in meat, poultry, fish and eggs.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C has antioxidant functions, protecting the body against the effects of harmful free radicals which damage cells and accelerate the ageing process. A great friend to the skin, it helps to lighten pigmentation and freckles while supporting collagen production. Load up on citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli and bell peppers for your intake of vitamin C.
- Vitamin A
Vitamin A also has an antioxidative effect, and helps to maintain healthy skin and membrane, bones and tissues. It is also a component essential for maintaining good eyesight. Orange fruits and vegetables, dark green leafy vegetables, cod liver oil, milk and cheese are excellent sources of vitamin A.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D helps to nurture healthy bones and can be found in fatty fish such as tuna as salmon, and even exposure to sunshine.
- Vitamin E
An antioxidant, vitamin E boosts the body’s immune system and has a protective function, shielding vitamin A and carotene from oxidation. It can be found in green leafy vegetables, whole grains and almonds.
- Vitamin K
Vitamin K helps the body to activate calcium for bone building, and also activates proteins and calcium essential for blood clotting functions. Vegetables like cabbage, spinach, asparagus and kale are examples of food sources of vitamin K.